Boris Johnson: ‘Patience running out’ says Kuenssberg
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Over the last week, MPs coming out in Mr Johnson’s defence have called for a “sense of perspective” as the UK faces a host of additional issues. Recent data discovered a cost of living crisis, with inflation at its highest rate in 30 years. Allies of the Prime Minister have insisted these crises mean it is the wrong time for a leadership change, so Express.co.uk has explored the precedent.
Churchill – World War Two and the Korean War
Sir Winston Churchill, the UK’s most famous wartime Prime Minister, replaced Neville Chamberlain after World War Two had broken out in Europe.
The famed Norway Debate paved the way to his premiership in 1940 and saw him take over after German forces invaded Belgium.
His first term came to an end in 1945 when a series of missteps paved the way for Clement Attlee’s postwar Labour government.
He stayed in opposition until his second term in 1951, taking over during another international crisis, the Korean War.
After the war ended in 1953, he stayed on for two more years, retiring in ill health by 1955.
David Lloyd George – World War One and the Russian Revolution
The Russian Revolution of 1917 was a historic international disaster for western leaders.
They lost an ally in the Romanov family, killed at the hands of Lenin’s Communist Party that would eventually become the United Sovereign Soviet Republics (USSR).
Three months before, the UK was a key player in the devastating World War One, and the country exchanged Prime Minister’s weeks after one of the deadliest battles.
Then secretary of war, David Lloyd George, took over from HH Asquith not long after the Somme offensive of 1916.
The Prime Minister had to guide the country through two international crises as he settled the war and navigated relations with newly Communist Russia.
Henry John Temple – the Crimean War
Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston was a 19th century Prime Minister who succeeded George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen, in 1855.
At the time, the Aberdeen coalition was reeling from its mishandling of the Crimean War, handing Whig Palmerston the reins.
As the only politician able to capture a parliamentary majority, he led the UK through the end of the conflict.
He went down in history as a controversial but highly effective politician.
Palmerston is also the only Prime Minister to have ever died while in office.
George Grenville – the Napoleonic wars
William Wyndham Grenville, 1st Baron Grenville, became Prime Minister in 1806.
He had succeeded William Pitt the Younger, who rose to power aged 24 in 1783.
His accession to the premiership came at another fraught time for international relations.
Pitt’s death in January 1806 came just months following bitter defeat at the battles Ulm and Austerlitz at the hand of Napoleon in October and December 1805.
Despite his short tenure, he left a legacy as the Prime Minister to abolish the slave trade.
Duke of Newcastle – the Seven Year War
Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle, served a fractured term over two distinct periods.
He succeeded the Duke of Devonshire as PM from March 1754 to November 1756 and again from June 1757 to May 1762.
His latter premiership started on the brink of the Seven Years’ War with France from 1756 to 1763.
Despite his attempts, the Prime Minister ultimately failed to prevent the conflict.
He officially declared war, leading to one of the first recorded global conflicts.
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