NASA announces the requirements needed to become an astronaut and visit space

A list of NASA's requirements to become an astronaut has been unveiled.

The US space agency has revealed on its website all of the requirements that need to be met by someone before they have a shot at going to space.

The main role of a NASA astronaut is specifically to do intense research and hands-on experiments on a space laboratory that orbits Earth.

They would investigate an array of things like life in space, cancer and the human body.

Among the requirements NASA has unveiled for potential candidates considering the role, its first is to be a US citizen.

Candidates must also weigh between 50 and 95 kilograms and measure between 149.5cm and 190.5cm.

They must also have a master's degree in a STEM field from an accredited institution in either engineering, biological science, physical science, computer science or mathematics.

A potential candidate has to have at least two years of related professional experience or "at least 1,000 hours pilot-in-command time on jet aircraft".

The space agency emphasised that their ideal characteristics include being a skilled leader, a good communicator and a good collaborator.

NASA added that a person must be extremely healthy and be able to pass the NASA long-duration flight which tests for agility, body coordination, eye coordination and vision.

If a person meets all the requirements, their application gets sent to NASA's Astronaut Selection Board for review.

The chances of getting chosen are very slim as the agency receives tens of thousands of applications every year.

If successful, a NASA board then invites you for interviews at NASA's Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas.

Half of that group is then invited back for a second interview, and then from those candidates, a select few are welcomed back for a two-year training course.

The course contains basic astronaut skills like spacewalking, operating the space station, flying jet planes and controlling a robotic arm.

After this intense training, astronauts then get the opportunity to go to space.

The space agency plans to send the first woman and next man to the moon by 2024.

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